Using references in your writing

It is always necessary to reference both in text and in the reference list at the end of your assignment. This section will focus on in-text referencing, paraphrasing and will refer you to useful resources for writing a reference list.

In-text referencing

In-text referencing - paraphrasing

There are two ways to use references in your writing; at the beginning of a sentence (with a reporting word) or at the end of a sentence.

In text referencing – Direct quotes and paraphrasing

paraphrasing

Reporting words

Link references with reporting words. Here are some examples:

  • suggest (that)
  • argue (that)
  • outlined by
  • defines
  • concludes (that)
  • mainains (that)
  • found (that)
  • promote(s)
  • asserts (that)

example

Burrows (2007) reports that there will be no further interest rate rises until December 2007.

 

Sample paragraph - Referenced theory (paraphrase)

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Activity - Reporting and linking words

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Activity - Referenced theory

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Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing

A lot of students think that paraphrasing is simply about using different words. Successful paraphrasing requires that you change both the sentence structure and the words in the sentence. Notice how the student writer has changed both the sentence structure and the words in the next example.

Example

paraphrasing original text

How to paraphrase

Follow these 4 steps and develop your skills at paraphrasing:

1. Change the keywords/phrases to words of similar meaning.
2. Change the sentence structure where possible.
3. Write your paraphrase from memory.
4. Check your version from the original.

Referencing resources for business students

Referencing resources for business students

Referencing List Activity

Match the correct reference with the correct item

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