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Direct quotes

Direct quotes show where another person's original thoughts, words, ideas, images etc. have been used directly in someone else's work.

Using direct quotes

Direct quotes should be used sparingly, particularly longer quotes (see below). If you use too many, you are simply reporting information that you have found. Paraphrases, on the other hand, require you to rewrite the reference in your own words showing that you have really understood the ideas or issues.

Direct quotes (short)

Follow these steps to use direct quotes in your assignments.

  1. Copy the exact words from the original source.
  2. Use quotation marks " " at the beginning and end of the copied text.
  3. Reference the author, year and page number information.

Example of short quote

Long direct quotes (block quotes)

For citations of 40 words or more, block quotes should be used. A block quote is indented and written on a new line. It does not have quotation marks around it.

Note: With block quotations, any required source details are given in parentheses.

Example of a blockquote using Harvard intext referencing

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Paraphrasing

 

 

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