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Paraphrasing is when you use someone else's ideas and put them in your own words. Even though you are not using the original author's exact words, you must still cite the source. Paraphrasing and summarising ideas from the literature is preferable to quotes. By presenting the information in your own words, you demonstrate your understanding of the material that you have read.

Steps for paraphrasing

  1. Read the original text.
  2. Write down your version of it, changing the keywords and structure of the sentence(s). It is best to close the book so you do not copy word-for-word. It is important that the sentence structure and the vocabulary are different from the original.
  3. Complete citation process. Page numbers are generally not given in paraphrases.

Citing a paraphrase

Paraphrases are cited in a similar way to quotes, but generally do not include page numbers. Referencing details can be placed at the beginning, be split or appear at the end of the citation.

Examples of citation placement when paraphrasing

Further information



Activity 2



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