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Direct quotes

Direct quotes show where another person's original thoughts, words, ideas, images etc have been used word-for-word in someone else's work. Quotations are used to:

  • acknowledge the source of your information, eg ideas, words, thoughts, images etc
  • enable the reader independent access to your resources.

Direct quotes (short)

Follow these steps to use direct quotes in your assignments.

  1. Copy the exact words from the original source.
  2. Use quotation marks ' ' at the beginning and end of the copied text.
  3. Place the (sequential) footnote number at the end of the sentence containing the quotation. If more than one author is quoted in a sentence, place the footnote next to each author's name.
  4. Complete footnote citation process.

Example

Example of a direct quote

Blockquotes (long direct quotes)

For citations over 4 lines, you should use blockquotes. A blockquote is indented and written as a separate paragraph. It does not have quotation marks around it.

Example

Example of a blockquote

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Paraphrasing

 

 

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