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Harvard intext referencing

The Harvard system of referencing uses intext references or citations to show where someone else's words, thoughts or ideas have been used in your work, eg in an assignment or essay. There are two forms of citations – direct quotations and paraphrases. Three pieces of information must be included in a citation. These are:

  • the author(s)'s surname(s)
  • the year of publication
  • the page number (direct quote only).


Example of a harvard intext citation

Citing different sources

It generally does not matter what type of reference you are citing, eg whether it be a book, journal, unpublished thesis etc, the format is the same.

For a complete list of referencing formats and examples, see the RMIT library's referencing guide.

Harvard referencing guide

Referencing & plagiarism

Failure to acknowledge someone else's words, thoughts or ideas is considered to be plagiarism and can have serious consequences.

Further information



Inserting a reference



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