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Inserting a reference

A reference or citation can be positioned at the beginning, middle or end of a sentence. When writing a citation, the year and page number(s) always go in brackets ( ). However, the author's name can be placed either in the text of the essay or in the citation. When citing multiple authors, use an '&' to separate them in the reference, and an 'and' in the body of the text.

Reference at the beginning of a sentence

Example of citation at beginning of text

Split reference

Example of split intext citation

Reference at the end of a sentence

Example of intext citation at the end of a sentence

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