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Note taking

Poor note taking practices can lead to inadvertent plagiarism. While you are researching, eg reading, note taking, photocopying etc, you should record all relevant details of your reference.

Record all reference information correctly
Use quotation marks around direct quotes
Paraphrase correctly
Separate out your own ideas

Record all reference information correctly

To assist you when citing your sources, record the following information at the start of your notes. You should also record the page number next to any notes taken, eg in the margin. This makes it easy to record and check your references.

Book Name of author(s), date of publication, title of book, publisher, place of publication
Chapter from edited book Name of chapter's author(s), name of chapter, name of book, editor(s) of book, publisher, place of publication, page numbers of chapter
Journal article Name of author(s), date of publication, title of article, name of journal, the volume & issue, page number of article
Photocopies Photocopy the front cover of the book, along with the copyright information
Library Record all library information. Name of library, call number of book

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Use quotation marks around direct quotes

Whenever you copy word-for-word, even if it is only three words, you should place the text in quotation marks.

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Paraphrase correctly

Don't use the original author's words or phrases when paraphrasing. If you do, place them in quotation marks. Make sure you change the sentence structure as well.

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Separate out your own ideas

Separate out your own ideas when note taking. You could use a different colour pen or place your ideas in brackets.

At the end of your note taking your notes should be divided into the following:

  • direct quotes from your selected authors
  • paraphrases of the selected authors' ideas
  • your own ideas on the topic.

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Activity 2

 

 

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