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Long reports

Reports tend to be long documents so they therefore need to have a structure. Most long reports have the following sections. Check with your teacher / lecturer for specific assessment requirements.

Section 1: preliminary pages

  • Title page
  • Summary (Abstract)
  • Acknowledgements & disclaimer
  • Table of contents
  • List of figures and / or tables (if many)
  • List of symbols and / or abbreviations (if many)

Section 2: the 'guts' or body of the report

The type of report and its content will help to establish what headings should be used. These headings are only guidelines.

  • Introduction
  • Method / methodology
  • Results / findings
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Recommendations

Section 3: supplementary materials

Many long reports provide additional material in appendices.

  • Appendix 1
  • Appendix 2


Activity 1: working with long documents & creating a Table of Contents



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