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Integrating sections

Research needs to be placed in its broader context, ie related to both existing theory and the current context. This frames the research and will normally occur in the introduction and discussion sections of a report. In major research reports, this will also occur in the Literature Review.

The introduction

The introduction does the following:

  • sets the broad context, ie what is happening in the 'outside' world, eg socially, politically, in research etc
  • explains what is currently known (existing theory and research ) and how this relates to the current situation
  • identifies the current problem or research topic in relation to the context
  • defines the research topic / question.

The discussion

The discussion section does the following:

  • identifies the main findings
  • interprets and links / weaves these findings back to the theory (and other established research) to show how the current research fits into the overall picture.


Activity 4



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