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Integrating your arguments

The ability to write a cohesive argument rests on your ability to link your arguments. This is achieved through using linking and explanatory verbs to integrate your arguments and citations together. It is poor writing to use the same verbs all the time, eg says that, states that. Verbs also allow the writer to indicate the degree to which they support the author of the research, eg claims that versus argues that.

Verbs for referencing

The following verbs (and prepositions) can be used to introduce references. Please note that they can be used in different tenses and they need to be used appropriately in a paragraph.

Suggest (that)
Maintain(s) (that)
Argue(s) (that) Found (that)
According (to) Promote(s)
Outline(s) Establish(ed) (by)
Focus(es) on Asserts (that)
Define(s) Show(s)
Conclude(s) (that) Claim(s) (that)
State(s) Report(s)
Mention(s) Address(es)

Example

Example of integrating arguments

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Bibliography

 

  Developed by the Learning Skills Unit, RMIT University, © 2005