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Paraphrasing is when you use someone else's ideas and put them in your own words. Even though you are not using the original author's exact words, you must still cite the author as the source of your ideas.

Paraphrases & footnotes

  1. Read the original text.
  2. Write down your version of it, changing the keywords and structure of the sentence(s). It is best to close the book so you do not copy word-for-word. It is important that the sentence structure and the vocabulary are different to the original.
  3. Place the (sequential) footnote number at the end of the sentence containing the paraphrase.
  4. Complete footnote citation process. Page numbers are not given in paraphrases.


Example of a paraphrase


Activity 4


  Developed by the Learning Skills Unit, RMIT University, © 2005