Examples

The reporting words in the table below have a simple definition and example to indicate how they can be used.

Mild, medium and strong refer to emphasis in your statement.

Reporting words
1.To put forward a view
Word Example
Mention (state or say - mild) Bloggs mentions that....
Suggest (that) (give advice - mild) Bloggs suggests that....
Claim (that) (argue - medium) Bloggs claims that the existence of....
Conclude (that) (summarises - medium) Bloggs concludes that....
Maintain (that) (state consistently - mild) Bloggs maintains that....
Establish(ed) (demonstrate - strong) Bloggs establishes the existence of....
Asserts (that) (argue strongly - strong) Bloggs asserts that the existence of....
Promotes(s) (argue for - strong) Bloggs promotes the idea of....
2. To provide information
State(s) that (say) Bloggs states that....
Address(es) (answer a question or issue) Bloggs addresses the issue of....
Found (that) (show outcomes or results of research) Bloggs found that....
Define(s) (state meaning) Bloggs defines the features of....
Report(s) (state - medium) Bloggs reports the existence of....

The following reporting phrase is different to the others because it is not a verb and therefore a different sentence structure is required. Notice how it comes at the beginning of the sentence.

According to (as - says)
E.g. According to Bloggs, the main issue is....

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Activity 1