How to use references

Referencing is an important requirement for all tertiary study.

Why is referencing important?

By referencing you are acknowledging your use other people's ideas and theories. References are also important as they show that you have done the required reading and are able to use the relevant information in your writing.

How do I know what to reference?

Careful reading will help you find the right information to include in your report.
Useful tips:
Look at headings, diagrams and tables
Look for key words e.g. 'goal setting', 'decision making' etc

How do I write the theory in my own words?

By paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is when you use someone else's ideas and put them in your own words. Even though you are not using the original author's exact words, you must still reference the author as the source of your ideas. For example, (Dickie and Dickie 2006)

Steps for paraphrasing

  1. Read the original text
  2. Write it in your own words.. It is best to close the book so you do not copy word-for-word. It is important the sentence structure and the vocabulary are different to the original.
  3. Write in the reference as in the example above. Page numbers are not given in paraphrases.

Paraphrases need to be referenced. The reference can be placed at the beginning, be split or appear at the end of the sentence.

For information and activities on how to paraphrase go to the Paraphrasing tutorial (This link will open in another window)


Reporting words and phrases