Reporting words and phrases

How do I use references in my writing?

  1. By using appropriate reporting words and phrases.
  2. By using linking words to develop the flow of ideas.

Reporting words and phrases

Reporting words enable you to put references into your writing. It is important to use the most precise reporting words as these add extra meaning.


'Mitchell (2003) argues that the results are not conclusive....'

is more powerful than

'Mitchell (2003) says that the results are no conclusive....'

Why?. Because the word argues carries the extra meaning of presenting a point of view.